General description of the country

   India, one of the most ancient countries in the world, is situated in the Hindustan peninsula which is protected by Himalayan Mountains in the north. Tropical Indian nature is full of bright colour of the sun, sky, sea and thick plants.
Indian foundation of social organization (during slaveholding and then feudal periods) presented a community with a labour division. Community included craftsmen such as potters, weavers, tailors.
The profession was passed on from one generation to another and it was one of the reasons of astounding growth of Indian handicrafts and, in particular, production of cloths, jewelries and ceramics.

Aesthetic ideal of beauty

    Being a result of certain life and working conditions, stable traditional character of Indian culture reflects aesthetic views and national appearance of Hindus. Although the sculptural relief and monumental painting of ancient buddhist temples depict religion scenes, they are interpreted in a realistic way and help us to judge about the ideas of beauty of the whole nation. The paintings coloured with the raddle in the ancient cave temples in Ajanta are especially bright. Tall Hindus with strong figures, physically developed shapes, massive features, big eyes, dark skin and black hair were pictured there. Women had thin waist and emphasized round hips. Bright, decorative make-up supplements Hindus costume. Women painted their faces, arms, legs, breasts, eyebrows, nails and men dyed their beards in white, green, blue and purple.

Fabrics colours

  In II century BC transparent cotton cloth were produced in India. The cloth was dyed with fast and bright colours such as indigo, cochineal and madder. During Alexander Macedonians campaign Greeks were delighted by the skill of Indians that manufactured fabric of the wool produced from nuts (so they called cotton).

Aesthetic ideals, symbo-
lics and the costume of China

What did ancient Egyptians wear ?

The Golden 50-s. Marilyn Monroe period.